A call to end US-Saudi Arms sales (2017). This article is a good quick overview of the the pros and cons of the sales. It also has critical background information on the conflict in Yemen and some of the humanitarian consequences of the war.
Saudi Arabia: Background and US Relations (September, 2018). This is a long Congressional Research Service report that reviews the major issues in US-Saudi relations. It will take you awhile to read it, but if you do read it you will have a good understanding of the Saudi-US relationship.
Trump touts Saudi Arms Sales (March 2018). This article covers the visit by Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman (MSB) to the US and Trump’s efforts to boost relationships with Saudi Arabia. It also discusses the current arms deal. It is a very brief article.
US has ratched up arms sales to Saudi Arabia (October 2018). This is a very short article that says the US doesn’t want to cancel arms sales to Saudi Arabia after the murder of Jamal Khashoggi, a murder almost certainly committed by the Saudi government. The article is very short, but there are some useful infographics that show the expanding arms sales.
Countries still selling arms to the Kingdom (May 2018). This article reviews the major arms suppliers to Saudi Arabia and argues that the US is the dominant supplier. It does suggest that China and Russia could possibly fill in if the US were to reduce its sales, though it also points out that they are very small suppliers now.
Arms Sales in the Middle East: Trends and Analytical Perspectives on US Policy (2017). This longer Congressional Research Service report offers an excellent overview of US arms sales to the Middle East. It does cover countries beyond Saudi Arabia, but it also identifies the core reasons the US sells arms (economics, influence) and discusses some of the pros and cons of the Saudi sale.
How much does Saudi Arabia spend on arms deals with the US? (October 2018). This article argues that US sales to Saudi Arabia are currently only worth $3-$4 billion per year and that China and Russia cannot simply fill in..
US-Saudi Cooperation: Conditioning Arms Sales to Build Trust (November 2018). This article contends that US weapons are being used offensively in Yemen but also argues that if we cut off sales that the Saudis would still have the weapons they need to execute the war for years.
Europeans cut Saudi arms sales (March 2018). This article discusses the potential inconsistency between the sales and the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) but also argues other countries won’t limit sales to comply (if needed) with the treaty.
Saudi Arabia is America’s Number One Weapons Buyer (October 2018). This is just a general article that says the US has sold a lot of weapons to Saudi Arabia and that the US dominates the global arms trade.
Arms Sales to Saudi Arabia: Worth the Cost? (January 2018). This brief two page report argues that US arms sales are implicated in tremendous humanitarian harms in Yemen.
For all Trump’s talk, Saudis don’t buy that much US stuff (December 2018). This article argues that Saudi Arabia’s purchases are irrelevant to the US economy, that they are even smaller in total volume than US exports to Switzerland. This is useful to answer the argument that sales are important to the US economy.
There’s less than meets the eye in Trump’s Saudi arms deal (November 2017). This short article argues the sales do not benefit the US economy and that the sales make the US complicit in war crimes.
Saudi Arabia lays the foundation for its own defense industry (November 2018). This article contends that Saudi Arabia would like to develop its own indigenous arms industry but that it cannot do so and that it also cannot switch suppliers from the US to China/Russia.
Saudi Arms Sales (October 2018). This article argues that arms sales do not benefit the US economically and that the Saudis can’t get the weapons from China, Russia, or Europe.
The Growing arms trade in the Gulf: Existential Need or Fear Politics (January 2018). This report argues that sales create regional instability and are not needed to deter Iran.
Pro — Human Rights
Arms sales to Saudi Arabia (2017). This article outlines specifically why arms sales violate human rights.
Pro — Freedom of the Press
Pro — Yemen
US could end the war in Yemen if it wanted to (September 2018)
Trump puts arms sales ahead of Yemeni lives (September 2018)
US arms sales are killing civilians in Yemen (March 2017)
Trump’s Saudi arms deal and the Yemen war (June 2017)
Legality of US arms sales for use in Yemen (March 2018)
US still pouring weapons into the Yemen war (March 2018)
How the US is making the war in Yemen worse (March 2018)
US can afford to grow a spine on Saudi Arabia (January 2018)
How American arms sales enable Saudi’s war (January 2017)
Dealing in Double Standards (2016)
Yemen, Khashoggi, and the deadly Saudi Arms trade (November 2018)
Yemen: Multibillion-dollar arms sales by USA and UK reveal shameful contradiction with aid efforts (2017)
Sokolsky, Richard and Shapiro, Jeremy. “What a real review of U.S. military assistance to Saudi Arabia would say.” War on the Rocks, October 26, 2017.
Pro — International Law
Pro — Jobs Answers
Arms deal will create a fraction of the jobs Trump says (November 2018)
Pro — Relations Answers
Saudis to Cut Military Spending (December 2018). This article argues that the Saudis are reducing military spending and likely drawing down the war in Yemen.
Arms sales to Saudi Arabia are essential leverage (October 2018)
Arms Deal Gives Leverage to America, Not the Saudis (November 2018)
Arms sales to Saudi Arabia give Trump the leverage he needs (October 2018)
Con — Defense Industrial Base
Defense stocks hit highs on Saudi Arms Deal (November 2017)
EU countries approve sales to Saudi Arabia (November 2018)
General Arms Sales — Arms Sales Bad
Risky Business: The role of arms sales in US foreign policy (March 2018). This CATO Institute report makes a thorough general case against arms sales.
In Yemen and Beyond, US manufacturers are abetting crimes (September 2018). This article makes the general claim that arms sales lead to global human rights violations.
War Profiteers: The US War Machine and arming oppressive regimes (September 2018). This is a more detailed report on the human rights violations created by arms sales.
Defense manufacturers cashing in on Trump’s global arms push (October 2018)
General arms sales — drones